The State of America's Children® 2020

Housing and Homelessness

Home>Policies>Resources>The State of America’s Children 2020 – Housing and Homelessness Tables
The State of America’s Children 2020 – Housing and Homelessness Tables2020-02-19T12:28:24-05:00

Table 8: Rental Housing Affordability, FY2019

Monthly Fair Market Rent (FMR) for a Two-Bedroom Rental Unit Minimum Wage ($/hr) Number of Full-Time Jobs at Minimum Wage Needed to Afford Two-Bedroom FMR Hourly Wage Necessary to Afford FMR with One Full-Time Job
Alabama $776 $7.25a 2.1 $14.92
Alaska 1,292 9.89 2.5 24.84
Arizona 1,015 11.00 1.8 19.52
Arkansas 742 9.25 1.5 14.26
California 1,804 11.00 2.9 34.69
Colorado 1,317 11.10 2.3 25.33
Connecticut 1,321 10.10 2.5 25.40
Delaware 1,142 8.75 2.5 21.97
District of Columbia 1,665 14.00 2.3 32.02
Florida 1,189 8.46 2.7 22.86
Georgia 958 7.25 2.5 18.42
Hawaii 1,914 10.10 3.6 36.82
Idaho 804 7.25 2.1 15.47
Illinois 1,084 8.25 2.5 20.85
Indiana 834 7.25 2.2 16.03
Iowa 803 7.25 2.1 15.44
Kansas 828 7.25 2.2 15.92
Kentucky 772 7.25 2.0 14.84
Louisiana 877 7.25a 2.3 16.86
Maine 1,035 11.00 1.8 19.91
Maryland 1,431 10.10 2.7 27.52
Massachusetts 1,758 12.00 2.8 33.81
Michigan 897 9.45 1.8 17.25
Minnesota 1,027 9.86 2.0 19.74
Mississippi 750 7.25a 2.0 14.43
Missouri 832 8.60 1.9 16.00
Montana 830 8.50 1.9 15.97
Nebraska 836 9.00 1.8 16.08
Nevada 980 8.25 2.3 18.85
New Hampshire 1,208 7.25 3.2 23.23
New Jersey 1,501 10.00 3.3 28.86
New Mexico 850 7.50 2.2 16.34
New York 1,599 11.10 2.8 30.76
North Carolina 881 7.25 2.3 16.95
North Dakota 866 7.25 2.3 16.65
Ohio 818 8.55 1.8 15.73
Oklahoma 808 7.25 2.1 15.54
Oregon 1,194 11.25 2.0 22.97
Pennsylvania 1,006 7.25 2.7 19.35
Rhode Island 1,085 10.50 2.0 20.86
South Carolina 898 7.25a 2.4 17.27
South Dakota 796 9.10 1.7 15.30
Tennessee 862 7.25a 2.3 16.58
Texas 1,055 7.25 2.8 20.29
Utah 952 7.25 2.5 18.30
Vermont 1,184 10.78 2.1 22.78
Virginia 1,203 7.25 3.2 23.13
Washington 1,445 12.00 2.3 27.78
West Virginia 742 8.75 1.6 14.27
Wisconsin 872 7.25 2.3 16.77
Wyoming 856 7.25 2.3 16.46
United States $1,194 $7.25 3.2 $22.96

a In these states federal minimum wage law supersedes state minimum wage laws because the federal minimum wage is greater than the state minimum wage or there is no state minimum wage.

Notes: Affordability is defined as rent not being more than 30 percent of monthly income. Fair Market Rent (FMR) is the 40th percentile of gross rents for typical, non-substandard rental units. It is calculated annually by the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Sources: National Low Income Housing Coalition. 2019. “Out of Reach 2019.” https://reports.nlihc.org/sites/default/files/oor/OOR_2019.pdf; U.S. Department of Labor. “Consolidated Minimum Wage Table.” Updated as of July 1, 2019. https://www.dol.gov/whd/minwage/mw-consolidated.htm.

Table 9: Homeless Children Enrolled in Public Schools, Select School Years

School Year Percent Change Between
2006-2007 and
2016-2017
Percent Change Between
2015-2016 and 2016-2017
2006-07 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Alabama 10,907 19,266 19,373 14,112 15,931 46.1 12.9
Alaska 3,216 3,934 4,018 3,784 4,041 25.7 6.8
Arizona 19,628 28,777 28,393 24,770 25,454 29.7 2.8
Arkansas 7,080 11,180 10,756 11,984 13,104 85.1 9.3
California 178,014 284,086 235,983 246,296 262,935 47.7 6.8
Colorado 11,978 23,681 24,146 23,014 21,062 75.8 -8.5
Connecticut 1,980 2,964 3,192 3,759 4,293 116.8 14.2
Delaware 1,842 4,351 3,098 3,227 3,018 63.8 -6.5
District of Columbia 824 3,772 3,551 6,260 6,415 678.5 2.5
Florida 30,554 67,402 73,117 72,042 75,106 145.8 4.3
Georgia 14,017 36,845 37,791 38,474 38,336 173.5 -0.4
Hawaii 1,132 2,634 3,526 3,790 2,958 161.3 -22.0
Idaho 1,875 6,447 7,162 7,143 7,512 300.6 5.2
Illinois 19,821 54,452 52,333 50,949 51,617 160.4 1.3
Indiana 8,249 17,926 19,205 17,863 18,431 123.4 3.2
Iowa 2,886 6,828 6,936 6,774 6,789 135.2 0.2
Kansas 3,569 10,378 9,715 9,265 9,297 160.5 0.3
Kentucky 18,337 27,227 27,836 27,603 26,826 46.3 -2.8
Louisiana 34,102 20,402 20,277 20,254 30,481 -10.6 50.5
Maine 1,055 1,986 1,934 2,271 2,515 138.4 10.7
Maryland 8,456 16,239 16,096 16,267 17,122 102.5 5.3
Massachusetts 11,863 17,538 19,353 20,929 20,872 75.9 -0.3
Michigan 24,066 38,117 40,861 39,092 36,811 53.0 -5.8
Minnesota 6,008 14,343 15,196 16,550 17,750 195.4 7.3
Mississippi 12,856 9,680 10,309 9,284 9,979 -22.4 7.5
Missouri 13,620 29,784 30,650 32,133 33,857 148.6 5.4
Montana 2,202 2,640 3,075 3,003 3,606 63.8 20.1
Nebraska 1,633 3,449 3,317 3,422 3,592 120.0 5.0
Nevada 5,374 14,865 17,178 20,696 16,765 212.0 -19.0
New Hampshire 1,983 3,276 3,335 3,349 3,913 97.3 16.8
New Jersey 4,279 10,303 10,150 10,391 10,994 156.9 5.8
New Mexico 4,383 11,949 10,279 10,071 11,625 165.2 15.4
New York 44,018 116,700 118,435 139,959 148,418 237.2 6.0
North Carolina 12,659 24,492 26,613 26,339 29,297 131.4 11.2
North Dakota 1,209 2,395 2,715 2,230 2,153 78.1 -3.5
Ohio 13,578 28,632 27,939 29,403 30,385 123.8 3.3
Oklahoma 8,284 25,008 26,979 26,268 27,096 227.1 3.2
Oregon 15,517 21,058 22,637 22,958 24,322 56.7 5.9
Pennsylvania 12,935 21,309 22,014 23,164 25,109 94.1 8.4
Rhode Island 667 997 1,004 1,049 1,231 84.6 17.3
South Carolina 6,033 12,809 13,353 14,140 11,767 95.0 -16.8
South Dakota 1,038 1,835 2,156 1,958 2,018 94.4 3.1
Tennessee 6,567 29,663 13,259 15,404 16,851 156.6 9.4
Texas 33,896 111,759 113,063 115,676 111,177 228.0 -3.9
Utah 9,991 14,579 14,999 15,094 15,438 54.5 2.3
Vermont 764 1,145 1,124 1,098 1,097 43.6 -0.1
Virginia 9,898 18,026 17,876 18,577 20,593 108.1 10.9
Washington 16,853 32,539 35,511 39,127 40,930 142.9 4.6
West Virginia 2,984 7,430 7,955 9,320 9,024 202.4 -3.2
Wisconsin 8,103 19,471 18,366 18,592 19,264 137.7 3.6
Wyoming 675 1,447 1,556 1,625 1,908 182.7 17.4
United States 673,458 1,298,015 1,259,695 1,300,802 1,351,085 100.6 0.2

Source: National Center for Homeless Education. 2009. “Education for Homesless Children and Youths Program: Analysis of Data.” https://nche.ed.gov/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/data_comp_04-07.pdf; National Center for Homeless Education. 2017. “Federal Data Summary School Years 2012-13 to 2015-16: Education for Homeless Children and Youth,” Table 4. https://nche.ed.gov/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/data-comp-1314-1516.pdf; National Center for Homeless Education. 2019. “Federal Data Summary School Years 2014-15 to 2016-17: Education For Homeless Children and Youth.” Table 4. https://nche.ed.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Federal-Data-Summary-SY-14.15-to-16.17-Final-Published-2.12.19.pdf.