a Percentages calculated relative to the number of poor children related to the head of household (11,519,000) rather than the total number of poor children (11,869,000).
b Percentages calculated relative to the number of poor children in related families (11,491,000) rather than the total number of poor children (11,869,000).
Notes: A family of four was considered poor in 2018 with an annual income below $25,701 and extremely poor with an income below half that amount ($12,851). Poverty estimates differ based on the source of the Census data. Census data on poverty is collected through both the American Community Survey (ACS) and the Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS provides the most accurate national data on poverty and is therefore the official source of national poverty estimates. The ACS uses a larger sample size and is therefore preferred for state-level poverty data. All racial categories exclude children of Hispanic ethnicity. Hispanic children can be of any race.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey. 2019. “2018 Annual Social and Economic Supplement,” Tables B-1, POV01, POV03, POV07, POV13, POV21, POV40. https://www.census.gov/topics/income-poverty/data/tables.html. Additional customized tables generated using Data Ferrett. https://dataferrett.census.gov/.